More than 11,000 years ago, the first humans arrived in Bandelier hunting enormous bison and mammoths. Bandelier is a beautiful place with an amazing history.
This National Monument, located in Los Alamos, NM, has many cave dwellings and petroglyphs from the ancient people who used to live there. Visitors can climb into some of the caves using ladders. Exploring these dwellings gives visitors an idea of what it was like to live in that area thousands of years ago.
In addition to the cave dwellings, there are other homes and structures on the ground made of volcanic tuff. This volcanic tuff was used to make tuff blocks, and these blocks were stuck together with mortar to make the final product. Along the walls there are petroglyphs, including parrots, dogs and many other figures.
Due to Bandelier’s wide range of ecosystems, it is a perfect home for a variety of wildlife. It is home to over 55 species of mammals, seven species of amphibians, and a large variety of birds, bugs and reptiles. Much like Arizona, Bandelier has many kinds of cacti, including claret cup cactus, prickly pear and Cane Cholla, which were important to the ancient people. Even though it might be far from where we live, Bandelier is definitely a great place to visit!