In 2020, it is easy to overlook other scientific discoveries with COVID-19 totally dominating everyone’s minds. However, on Oct. 6, the Nobel Prize for Chemistry was won by two female scientists for their amazing work involving CRISPR-Cas9. Emmanuelle Charpentier, a French professor and researcher in the fields of microbiology, genetics, and biochemistry, and Jennifer Doudna, an American biochemist, won. This marked a great advancement in gene editing technology, and also was the first time two women were laureates for the chemistry Nobel Prize.

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 Currently during the COVID-19 pandemic, masks have been a suggestion by scientists and health officials to help prevent the spread of the virus, along with hand washing and socially distancing. Here is information regarding the science of how mask wearing helps prevent the spread and which materials are best. The information included is from the Center for Disease Control (CDC) and other relevant websites.

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 Pockets are such a necessity on clothes. We use them to keep our hands warm, keep our phones put away, or anything else that is needed to be stashed away for further usage. We all know pockets are amazing, what some of us might not know is that women’s clothing has significantly fewer or smaller pockets than men’s clothing does.

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 “One Day in the Desert” by Anna Keener informs you of animals that you can find in the desert that are unusual! For example, there are shrimp in the desert! If you want to know how shrimp survive here, read this awesome book!

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You can earn a free visit to Reid Park Zoo and other prizes by reading this summer. Pima County Public Library, Bookmans, and Barnes & Noble offer kids rewards for summer reading.

A Universe of Stories, the Pima County Library’s 2019 Summer Reading Program gives kids a reading tracker that includes a coupon for one free child admission to Reid Park Zoo (www.library.pima.gov/

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Ramadan is based on the lunar calendar. During Ramadan, Muslims fast, read the Quran, give to charity, visit each other and pray late at night. The month of Ramadan goes from May 15 until the middle of June. 

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Scientists are developing toilets that do not use water. Water is a limited resource, but each year 1.5 trillion gallons of clean drinking water are flushed down toilets in the United States.

Three promising types of waterless toilets are solar toilets, composting toilets, and bio-toilets. Each of these toilets recycle human waste into something useable.

Solar toilets burn up waste using the energy of the sun. Waste is cooked until it becomes a charcoal-like substance called “bio char,” which can be used as fertilizer. 

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